National Union of Ogoni Students

Dedicated to the memory of Ken Saro-Wiwa, the Ogoni people, and all indigenous students around the world

April 26, 2006

Background to the Ogoni Struggle

Filed under: Uncategorized @ 3:54 pm




Movement for the Survival of the 

                                                Ogoni People




A Brief Presentation 


                                                                    - Sir Meshack Karanwi 




The MOVEMENT FOR THE Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) is an Ogoni-based non-governmental, non-political Organization committed to the advocacy of human, environmental, economic, political, and cultural rights of the Ogoni ethnic minority people of Southeastern Nigeria. Adjudged 500,000 in population by the Nigerian census of 1963, the Ogoni may number about one million people currently. 


In land mass Ogoni is larger than 21 and, in numerical strength, more populous than 37 nations registered with the United Nations. As an ethnic nationality of one of the indigenous peoples of the West African sub-region, the Ogoni fought for their survival among other ethnic minorities of today’s Niger Delta and enjoyed self determination under- self rule until the advent of colonialism when it was forced into varying types of political arrangements over different periods of its history. The Ogoni struggle for survival and self- determination can rightly be said to have begun with western colonialism and the resultant geo-political amalgam which resulted from it, the Nigerian nation state. Today, in independent Nigeria it fights internal colonialism which began with the political penetration of Ogoni through a planned but ethnic- inspired political control and resource transfer from the numerically weaker Ogoni for the development of the dominant areas. By that indegenous colonialism with its tins of oppression, repression and criminal exploitation, Ogoni has remained impoverished despite the endowment of all its six kingdoms with a fertile alluvial pain for agriculture, streams and rivers for fishing, and oil and gas. Through undemocratic laws, Ogoni lands have been allocated for people of other tribes, its resources exploited without consultation or participation and its environment degraded. 



                                         The Birth of MOSOP 

Having failed, through decades of a painful pursuit of economic and political empowerment for the Ogoni through political participation, petitions and agitations, it became clear that Ogoni emancipation would not be achieved so long as the constitutional arrangement and the existing political structures remained. An alternative strategy to amplify the Ogoni struggle and hasten the realization of its goals was to be pursued. Behind this new thinking was Ken Saro-Wiwa, prolific writer, business-man, minority rights campaigner and environmentalist. He wrote the Ogoni Bill of Rights (OBR) and convened the Ogoni assembly to consider it. It was unanimously adopted and local chieftains, elders and the Ogoni elite scrambled to sign it. MOSOP was then proposed to be the umbrella organization through which the OBR was to be pursued through non-violent struggle. 


The Bill of Rights which was presented to the Government in 1990 called for, among other things, political autonomy to participate in the affairs of the republic as a distinct and separate unit (by whatever name called), provided that this autonomy guarantees political control of Ogoni affairs by Ogoni people; The right to control and use a fair proportion of Ogoni economic resources for Ogoni development; Adequate representations, as of right in all Nigerian national institutions, and the Right to protect the Ogoni environment and ecology from further degradation. 


The OBR was ignored by government for three years. The Ogoni assembly, under the leadership of Ken Saro-Wiwa reconvened and in an addendum to the OBR empowered MOSOP to make representations to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, the Commonwealth Secretariat, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the economic and cultural rights of the Ogoni people especially that the Nigerian constitution does not protect the rights of the Ogoni as an ethnic minority. 




Although the efforts to mobilise the Ogoni people had been sustained from 1989, a major turning point was in 1992 when Ken Saro-Wiwa, spokesman of the Ogoni presented the Ogoni case before the UN Commission on Human Rights at its summer confab in Geneva. The OBR received wide coverage in the local and international media. Village, district and nationality meetings and rallies were held in Ogoni to educate the people on the purpose and tenets of the struggle. If the whole idea of MOSOP and an organized struggle was exciting to the Ogoni, the presence of Ken as the Grand theorist and ‘commander’ of the movement had an electrifying effect. His patriotic love and zeal for the Ogoni had long endeared him to the people. Some elite and chieftains that had long been discarded by the Ogoni were beginning to earn respect and acceptance merely by association with MOSOP. An elite Ogoni group, KAGOTE, under the leadership of Dr. G.B. Leton (first president of MOSOP at the time) conferred the first Ogoni national merit award on Ken in November 1992. The citations on that occasion cannot be reproduced here, except to say that when envy and jealousy, oiled by the government tactic of divide-and-rule set in later, some members of the same elite group were not only to desert the movement but also rewrite their eulogies to call for Ken’s hanging. 




January 4, 1993 was the day for carefully planned demonstrations throughout Ogoni. All six kingdoms of Ogoni turned out 300,000 people in protest rallies characterized by marches, speeches, drumming and dancing.  Most of the lost vegetation appeared’replaced’ on the streets, roads and playgrounds as every protester brandished green leaves alongside placards. The rally was also to mark the UN International Year of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. 



Reaction of Shell & Government 

Rather than dialogue with MOSOP and accredited Ogoni leaders, government and Shell chose to harass, arrest and detain them, especially Mr. Ken Saro-Wiwa. Rallies and demonstrations were frequently stopped and the people intimidated but the Ogonis were not to be deterred. When peasant farmers turned out to protest further destruction of their crops for new pipelines, Shell would promptly call in soldiers who would shoot, kill and maim. In april 1993 government promulgated the treason and treasonable offenses Decree which made the demand for any form of political autonomy a capital crime. The Attorney-General at the time explained that the decree was  “aimed at combating organizations such as MOSOP which are viewed as secessionist by virtue of their championing of ethnic causes and their advocacy of fundamental changes in the relations between the central government and local communities.” Since the decree would not deter the Ogoni people, Government and Shell held meeting on how to stop the Ogoni agitation and counter the international campaign against government and Shell. They were to monitor Saro-Wiwa and mount an anti-MOSOP campaign. Ken was arrested in June 1993 and charged for traeson. Alhaji Alhaji, Nigeria’s High Commissioner in Britain said MOSOP had declared Ogoni republic, hoisted its flag and printed its own currencies. 

Shell and government collaborated also to use the divide-and-rule tactic on Ogoni to ‘weaken’ the movement. Money and other enticements were to be used to ‘split’ the organization by bribing people against each other. 


Armed attacks were sponsored against the Ogonis, first, using the Andoni axis (June-September 1993), the Okrikans (Nov. 1993), the Ndoki-Ibo axis (April 1994). The ‘grand finale’ was to start on May 21,1994 after four pro-government Ogonis were murdered at Giokoo in a riot precipitated by a planned military occupation of Ogoni that day. The entire Ogoni was sent into the forests and several people shot (reports on these incidents are available from several human rights organizations). Several Ogoni villages were wiped out in some of these ‘wasting operations’. 



Military Tribunal and the 1995 Hangings 

Accusing MOSOP of ‘dissident tendencies’ and ‘acts of economic sabotage’, the Nigerian military, in collaboration with Shell, rather than address the demands articulated in the Ogoni Bill of Rights chose to visit warfare on the people and kill MOSOP. Without any valid allegation Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight other Ogonis were sentenced to death and executed on November 1995 using testimonies ‘witnesses’ were bribed to sign. Shell retained the services of an attorney, a Senior Advocate of Nigeria (SAN) to represent ‘the interest of Shell’ throughout the proceedings of the military tribunal. In that, Shell and the Nigeriam military, demonstrated again, that the spilling of blood is legitimate as long as oil would flow. While 20 other Ogonis await trial by the same tribunal, Ogoni remains under military siege. MOSOP leadership is being decimated in an attempt to crush the movement. 



January 1996 killings 

Undeterred, the Ogoni defied the military to hold their annual Ogoni Day celebration on January 4th 1996. The army again went to work, increasing troops to over 3,000, shooting, killing, and looting at the end of which some persons were killed, several wounded and at least 300 arrested, including Ledum Mitee, lawyer and deputy president of MOSOP who came out of a 16-month detention in October 1995. Ogoni remains under severe suppression. 


MOSOP offices have been looted and sealed by security forces while several officers and activists have gone underground or fled into exile in different countries. While government lies that Ogoni is free for everyone to ‘visit and see things for themselves’ independent reporters who venture into the area are arrested and detained, sometimes tortured. Paul Adams of the Financial Times of London is one of their latest victims arrested on January 4th, 1997. Ogoni is today in an undeclared state of emergency and its people under severe military repression and punishment. 



Government Propaganda 


The anti-MOSOP campaign by Shell and the Nigerian military have been intensified since the hanging of Ken Saro-Wiwa. The circulation of two booklets printed by government since last year have been intensified and Nigerian diplomats have been given handouts to advertise in foreign newspapers. While the booklets aim to discredit MOSOP the trust of the advertisements is to justify the judicial murder of Ken.


Although the first booklet is unsigned, MOSOP has evidence that it is published by the Federal Ministry of Information. Captioned The Ogoni Crisis: How Saro-Wiwa turned MOSOP into a Gestapo and the later (though backdated) booklet, The Ogoni crisis: The true Story contain fake pictures and documents to portray MOSOP as a terrorist organization. Government got ‘smarter’ with the latter in accrediting it to a non-existent ‘Ogoni Study Group’. Government films on Ogoni have been aired on State stations and circulated in the Western world. A commissioned film has been released which is partly sponsored by Shell. 


Published by MOSOP Bureau of Information & Publicity, October 1997. 




April 10, 2006

The Ogoni Bill of Rights

Filed under: Ogoni Bill of Rights @ 3:23 pm


October, 1990




The Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People
(MOSOP) December, 1991

Published by Saros International Publishers, 24 Aggrey Road, PO Box 193, Port Harcourt, Nigeria for The Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) June 1992.


In August 1990 the Chiefs and people of Ogoni in Nigeria met to sign one of the most important declarations to come out of Africa in recent times: the Ogoni Bill of Rights

By the Bill, the Ogoni people, while underlining their loyalty to the Nigerian nation, laid claim as a people to their independence which British colonialism had first violated and then handed over to some other Nigerian ethnic groups in October 1960.

The Bill of Rights presented to the Government and people of Nigeria called for political control of Ogoni affairs by Ogoni people, control and use of Ogoni economic resources for Ogoni development, adequate and direct representation as of right for Ogoni people in all Nigerian national institutions and the right to protect the Ogoni environment and ecology from further degradation.

These rights which should have reverted to the Ogoni after the termination of British rule, have been usurped in the past thirty years by the majority ethnic groups of Nigeria. They have not only been usurped; they have been misused and abused, turning Nigeria into a hell on earth for the Ogoni and similar ethnic minorities. Thirty years of Nigerian independence has done no more than outline the wretched quality of the leadership of the Nigerian majority ethnic groups and their cruelty as they have plunged the nation into ethnic strife, carnage, war, dictatorship, retrogression and the greatest waste of national resources ever witnessed in world history, turning generations of Nigerians, born and unborn into perpetual debtors.

The Ogoni Bill of Rights rejects once and for all this incompetent indigenous colonialism and calls for a new order in Nigeria, an order in which each ethnic group will have full responsibility for its own affairs and competition between the various peoples of Nigeria will be fair, thus ushering in a new era of peaceful co-existence, co-operation and national progress.

This is the path which has been chosen by the European tribes in the European Community, and by the Russians and their neighbours in the new Commonwealth which they are now fashioning. The Yugoslav tribes are being forced into similar ways. The lesson is that high fences make good neighbours. The Ogoni people are therefore in the mainstream of international thought.

It is well known that since the issuance of the Bill of Rights the Babangida administration has continued in the reactionary ways of all the military rulers of Nigeria from Ironsi through Gowon, Obasanjo and Buhari, seeking to turn Nigeria into a unitary state against the wishes of the Nigerian peoples and trends in world history. The split of the country into 30 states and 600 local governments in 1991 is a waste of resources, a veritable exercise in futility. It is a further attempt to transfer the seized resources of the Ogoni and other minority groups in the delta to the majority ethnic groups of the country. Without oil, these states and local governments will not exist for one day longer.

The import of the creation of these states is that the Ogoni and other minority groups will continue to be slaves of the majority ethnic groups. It is a gross abuse of human rights, a notable undemocratic act which flies in the face of modern history. The Ogoni people are right to reject it. While they are willing, for the reasons of Africa, to share their resources with other Africans, they insist that it must be on the principles of mutuality, of fairness, of equity and justice.

It has been assumed that because the Ogoni are few in number, they can be abused and denied their rights and that their environment can be destroyed without compunction. This has been the received wisdom of Nigeria according to military dictatorships. 1992 will put paid to this as the Ogoni put their case to the international community.

It is the intention of the Ogoni people to draw the attention of the American government and people to the fact that the oil which they buy from Nigeria is stolen property and that it is against American law to receive stolen goods.

The Ogoni people will be telling the European Community that their demand of the Yugoslav tribes that they respect human rights and democracy should also apply to Nigeria and that they should not wait for Nigeria to burst into ethnic strife and carnage before enjoining these civilized values on a Nigeria which depends on European investment, technology and credit.

The Ogoni people will be appealing to the British Government and the leaders of the Commonwealth who have urged on Commonwealth countries the virtues of good government, democracy, human rights and environmental protection that no government can be good if it imposes and operates laws which cheat a section of its peoples; that democracy does not exist where laws do not protect minorities and that the environment of the Ogoni and other delta minorities has been ruined beyond repair by multi-national oil companies under the protection of successive Nigerian administrations run by Nigerians of the majority ethnic groups.

The Ogoni people will make representation to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to the effect that giving loans and credit to the Nigerian Government on the understanding that oil money will be used to repay such loans is to encourage the Nigerian government to continue to dehumanize the Ogoni people and to devastatre the environment and ecology of the Ogoni and other delta minorities among whom oil is found.

The Ogoni people will inform the United Nations and the Orgnaization of African Unity that the Nigerian Constitution and the actions of the power elite in Nigeria flagrantly violate the UN Declaration of Human Rights and the African Charter of Human and Peoples Rights; and that Nigeria in 1992 is no different from Apartheid South Africa. The Ogoni people will ask that Nigeria be duly chastised by both organizations for its inhuman actions and uncivilized behaviour. And if Nigeria persists in its perversity, then it should be expelled form both organizations.

These actions of the Ogoni people aim at the restoration of the inalienable rights of the Ogoni people as a distinct ethnic community in Nigeria, and at the establishment of a democratic Nigeria, a progressive multi-ethnic nation, a realistic society of equals, a just nation.

What the Ogoni demand for themselves, namely autonomy, they also ask for others throughout Nigeria and, indeed, the continent of Africa.

It is their hope that the international community will respond to these demands as they have done to similar demands in other parts of the world.

Ken Saro-Wiwa
Port Harcourt 24/12/91


President of the Movement for the Survival of Ogoni People (MOSOP)

  • 1. The Ogoni case is of genocide being committed in the dying years of the twentieth century by multi-national oil companies under the supervision of the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. It is that of a distinct ethnic minority in Nigeria who feel so suffocated by existing political, economic and social conditions in Nigeria that they have no choice but to cry out to the international community for salvation.
  • 2. The Ogoni are a distinct ethnic group inhabiting the coastal plains terraces to the north- east of the Niger delta. On account of the hitherto very rich plateau soil, the people are mainly subsistence farmers but they also engage in migrant and nomadic fishing. They occupy an area of about 400 square miles and number an estimated 500,000. The population density of about 1,250 persons per square mile is among the highest in any rural area in the world and compares with the Nigerian national average of 300. The obvious problem is the pressure on land.
  • 3. Petroleum was discovered in Ogoni at Bomu (Dere) in 1958; since then an estimated US 100 billion dollars worth of oil has been carted away from Ogoniland. In return for this, the Ogoni have no pipe-borne water, no electricity, very few roads, ill-equipped schools and hospitals and no industry whatsoever.
  • 4. Ogoni has suffered and continues to suffer the degrading effects of oil exploration and exploitation: lands, streams and creeks are totally and continually polluted; the atmosphere is for ever charged with hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide; many villages experience the infernal quaking of the wrath of gas flares which have been burning 24 hours a day for 33 years!; acid rain, oil spillages and blowouts are common. The result of such unchecked environmental pollution and degradation are that (i) The Ogoni can no longer farm successfully. Once the food basket of the eastern Niger delta, the Ogoni now buy food (when they can afford it); (ii) Fish, once a common source of protein, is now rare. Owing to the constant and continual pollution of our streams and creeks, fish can only be caught in deeper and offshore waters for which the Ogoni are not equipped. (iii) All wildlife is dead. (iv) The ecology is changing fast. The mangrove tree, the aerial roots of which normally provide a natural and welcome habitat for many a sea food - crabs, periwinkles, mudskippers, cockles, mussels, shrimpos and all - is now being gradually replaced by unknown and otherwise useless plams. (v) The health hazards generated by an atmosphere charged with hydrocarbon vapour, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide are innumerable.
  • 5. The once beautiful Ogoni countryside is no more a source of fresh air and green vegetation. All one sees and feels around is death. Death is everywhere in Ogoni. Ogoni languages are dying; Ogoni culture is dying; Ogoni people, Ogoni animals, Ogoni fishes are dying because of 33 years of hazardous environmental pollution and resulting food scarcity. In spite of an alarming density of population, American and British oil companies greedily encroach on more and more Ogoni land, depriving the peasants of their only means of livelihood. Mining rents and royalties for Ogoni oil are seized by the Federal Government of Nigeria which offers the Ogoni people NOTHING in return. Ogoni is being killed so that Nigeria can live.
  • 6. Politically, the Ogoni are being ground to the dust under dictatorial decrees imposed by successive military regimes in Nigeria and laws smuggled by military dictatorships into the Nigerian Constitution which Constitution does not protect ethnic minorities and which today bears no resemblance whatsoever to the covenant entered into by the federating Nigerian ethnic groups at Independence.
  • 7. Ethnicity is a fact of Nigerian life. Nigeria is a federation of ethnic groups. In practice, however, ethnocentrism is the order of the day in the country. The rights and resources of the Ogoni have been usurped by the majority ethnic groups and the Ogoni consigned to slavery and possible extinction. The Ogoni people reject the current political and administrative structuring of Nigeria imposed by the Military Government. They believe with Obafemi Awolowo that in a true federation, each ethnic gourp, no matter how small is entitled to the same treatment as any other ethnic group, no matter how large.
  • 8. The Ogoni people therefore demand POLITICAL AUTONOMY as a distinct and separate unit of the Nigerian federation - autonomy which will guarantee them certain basic rights essential to their survival as a people. This demand has been spelt out in the Ogoni Bill of Rights. The Ogoni people stand by the Bill and now appeal to the international community, as a last resort, to save them from extinction.

(Sgd) Dr. G.B. Leton
President, Movement for the Survival of Ogoni People (MOSOP)



We, the people of Ogoni (Babbe, Gokana, Ken Khana, Nyo Khana and Tai) numbering about 500,000 being a separate and distinct ethnic nationality within the Federal Republic of Nigeria, wish to draw the attention of the Governments and people of Nigeria to the undermentioned facts:

  • 1. That the Ogoni people, before the advent of British colonialism, were not conquered or colonized by any other ethnic group in present-day Nigeria.
  • 2. That British colonization forced us into the administrative division of Opobo from 1908 to 1947.
  • 3. That we protested against this forced union until the Ogoni Native Authority was created in 1947 and placed under the then Rivers Province.
  • 4. That in 1951 we were forcibly included in the Eastern Region of Nigeria where we suffered utter neglect.
  • 5. That we protested against this neglect by voting against the party in power in the Region in 1957, and against the forced union by testimony before the Willink Commission of Inquiry into Minority Fears in 1958.
  • 6. That this protest led to the inclusion of our nationality in Rivers State in 1967, which State consists of several ethnic nationalities with differing cultures, languages and aspirations.
  • 7. That oil was struck and produced in commercial quantities on our land in 1958 at K. Dere (Bomu oilfield).
  • 8. That oil has been mined on our land since 1958 to this day from the following oilfields: (i) Bomu (ii) Bodo West (iii) Tai (iv) Korokoro (v) Yorla (vi) Lubara Creek and (vii) Afam by Shell Petroleum Development Company (Nigeria) Limited.
  • 9. That in over 30 years of oil mining, the Ogoni nationality have provided the Nigerian nation with a total revenue estimated at over 40 billion Naira (N40 billion) or 30 billion dollars.
  • 10. That in return for the above contribution, the Ogoni people have received NOTHING.
  • 11. That today, the Ogoni people have:
    (i) No representation whatsoever in ALL institutions of the Federal Government of Nigeria
    (ii) No pipe-borne water.
    (iii) No electricity
    (iv) No job opportunities for the citizens in Federal, State, public sector or private sector companies.
    (v) No social or economic project of the Federal Government
  • 12. That the Ogoni languages of Gokana and Khana are underdeveloped and are about to disappear, whereas other Nigerian languages are being forced on us.
  • 13. That the Ethnic policies of successive Federal and State Governments are gradually pushing the Ogoni people to slavery and possible extinction.
  • 14. That the Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria Limited does not employ Ogoni people at a meaningful or any level at all, in defiance of the Federal government s regulations.
  • 15. That the search for oil has caused severe land and food shortages in Ogoni one of the most densely populated areas of Africa (average: 1,500 per square mile; national average: 300 per sqaure mile).
  • 16. That neglectful environmental pollution laws and substandard inspection techniques of the Federal authorities have led to the complete degradation of the Ogoni environment, turning our homeland into an ecological disaster.
  • 17. That the Ogoni people lack education, health and other social facilities.
  • 18. That it is intolerable that one of the richest areas of Nigeria should wallow in abject poverty and destitution.
  • 19. That succesive Federal administrations have trampled on every minority right enshrined in the Nigerian Constitution to the detriment of the Ogoni and have by administrative structuring and other noxious acts transferred Ogoni wealth exclusively to other parts of the Republic.
  • 20. That the Ogoni people wish to manage their own affairs

Now , therefore, while reaffirming our wish to remain a part of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, we make demand upon the Republic as follows:

That the Ogoni people be granted POLITICAL AUTONOMY to participate in the affairs of the Republic as a distinct and separate unit by whatever name called, provided that this Autonomy guarantees the following:

  • a) Political control of Ogoni affairs by Ogoni people.
  • b) The right to the control and use of a fair proportion of OGONI economic resources for Ogoni development.
  • c) Adequate and direct representation as of right in all Nigerian national institutions.
  • d) The use and development of Ogoni languages in all Nigerian territory.
  • e) The full development of Ogoni culture
  • f) The right to religious freedom.
  • g) The right to protect the OGONI environment and ecology from further degradation.

We make the above demand in the knowledge that it does not deny any other ethnic group in the Nigerian Federation of their rights and that it can only conduce to peace, justice and fairplay and hence stability and progress in the Nigerian nation.

We make the demand in the belief that, as Obafemi Awolowo has written: In a true federation, each ethnic group no matter how small, is entitled to the same treatment as any other ethnic group, no matter how large.

We demand these rights as equal members of the Nigerian Federation who contribute and have contributed to the growth of the Federation and have a right to expect full returns from that Federation.

Adopted by general acclaim of the Ogoni people on the 26th day of August, 1990 at Bori, Rivers State and signed by: (see under).


We, the people of Ogoni, being a separate and distinct ethnic nationality within the Federal Republic of Nigeria, hereby state as follows:

  • A. That on October 2, 1990 we addressed an Ogoni Bill of Rights to the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, General Ibrahim Babangida and members of the Armed Forces Ruling Council;
  • B. That after a one-year wait, the President has been unable to grant us the audience which we sought to have with him in order to discuss the legitimate demands contained in the Ogoni Bill of Rights;
  • C. That our demands as outlined in the Ogoni Bill of Rights are legitimate, just and our inalienable right and in accord with civilized values worldwide;
  • D. That the Government of the Federal Republic has continued, since October 2, 1990, to decree measures and implement policies which further marginalize the Ogoni people, denying us political autonomy, our rights to our resources, to the developemnt of our languages and culture, to adequate representation as of right in all Nigerian national institutions and to the protection of our environment and ecology from further degradation;
  • E. That we cannot sit idly by while we are, as a people, dehumanized and slowly exterminated and driven to extinction even as our rich resources are siphoned off to the exclusive comfort and improvement of other Nigerian communities, and the shareholders of multi-national oil companies.

Now therefore, while re-affirming our wish to remain a part of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, we hereby authorize the Movement for the Survival of Ogoni People (MOSOP) to make representation, for as long as these injustices continue, to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, the Commonwealth Secretariat, the African Commission on Human and Peoples rights, the European Community and all international bodies which have a role to play in the preservation of our nationality, as follows:

  • 1. That the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria has, in utter disregard and contempt for human rights, since independence in 1960 till date, denied us our political rights to self-determination, economic rights to our resources, cultural rights to the development of our languages and culture, and social rights to education, health and adequate housing and to representation as of right in national institutions;
  • 2. That, in particular, the Federal Republic of Nigeria has refused to pay us oil royalties and mining rents amounting to an estimated 20 billion US dollars for petroleum mined from our soil for over thirty-three years;
  • 3. That the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria does not protect any of our rights whatsoever as an ethnic minority of 500,000 in a nation of about 100 million people and that the voting power and military might of the majority ethnic groups have been used remorselessly against us at every point in time;
  • 4. That multi-national oil companies, namely Shell (Dutch/British) and Chevron (American) have severally and jointly devastated our environment and ecology, having flared gas in our villages for 33 years and caused oil spillages, blow-outs etc., and have dehumanized our people, denying them employment and those benefits which industrial organizations in Europe and America routinely contribute to their areas of operation;
  • 5. That the Nigerian elite (bureaucratic, military, industrial and academic) have turned a blind eye and a deaf ear to these acts of dehumanization by the ethnic majority and have colluded with all the agents of destruction aimed at us;
  • 6. That we cannot seek restitution in the courts of law in Nigeria as the act of expropriation of our rights and resources has been institutionalized in the 1979 and 1989 Constitutions of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, which Constitutions were acts of a Constituent Assembly imposed by a military regime and do not , in any way, protect minority rights or bear resemblance to the tacit agreement made at Nigerian independence.
  • 7. That the Ogoni people abjure violence in their just stuggle for their rights within the Federal Republic of Nigeria but will, through every lawful means, and for as long as is necessary, fight for social justice and equity for themselves and their progeny, and in particular demand political autonomy as a distinct and separate unit within the Nigerian nation with full right to (i) control Ogoni political affairs,
    (ii) use at least fifty per cent of Ogoni economic resources for Ogoni development;
    (iii) protect the Ogoni environment and ecology from further degradation;
    (iv) ensure the full restitution of the harm done to the health of our people by the flaring of gas, oil spillages, oil blow- outs, etc. by the following oil companies: Shell, Chevron and their Nigerian accomplices.
  • 8. That without the intervention of the international community the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the ethnic majority will continue these noxious policies until the Ogoni people are obliterated from the face of the earth.

Adopted by general acclaim of the Ogoni people on the 26th day of August 1991 at Bori, Rivers State of Nigeria.

Signed on behalf of the Ogoni people by:


HRH Mark Tsaro-Igbara, Gbenemene Babbe; HRH F.M.K. Noryaa, Menebua, Ka-Babbe; Chief M.A.M. Tornwe III, JP; Prince J.S. Sangha; Dr. Israel Kue; Chief A.M.N. Gua.


HRH James P. Bagia, Gberesako XI, Gberemene Gokana; Chief E.N. Kobani, JP Tonsimene Gokana; Dr. B.N. Birabi; Chief Kemte Giadom, JP; Chief S.N. Orage.


HRH M.H.S. Eguru, Gbenemene Ken-Khane; HRH C.B.S. Nwikina, Emah III, Menebua Bom; Mr. M.C. Daanwii; Chief T.N. Nwieke; Mr. Ken Saro-wiwa; Mr. Simeon Idemyor.


HRH W.Z.P. Nzidee, Genemene Baa I of Nyo-Khana; Dr. G.B. Leton, OON, JP; Mr. Lekue Lah-Loolo; Mr. L.E. Mwara; Chief E.A. Apenu; Pastor M.P. Maeba. TAI: HRH B.A. Mballey, Gbenemene Tai; HRH G.N. Gininwa, Menebua Tua Tua; Chief J.S. Agbara; Chief D.J.K. Kumbe; Chief Fred Gwezia; HRH A. Demor-Kanni, Meneba Nonwa.


  • 1. Prevail on the American Government to stop buying Nigerian oil. It is stolen property.
  • 2. Prevail on Shell and Chevron to stop flaring gas in Ogoni.
  • 3. Prevail on the Federal Government of Nigeria to honour the rights of the Ogoni people to self-determination and AUTONOMY.
  • 4. Prevail on the Federal Government of Nigeria to pay all royalties and mining rents collected on oil mined from Ogoni since 1958.
  • 5. Prevail on the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to stop giving loans to the Federal Government of Nigeria; all loans which depend for their repayment on the exploitation of Ogoni oil resources.
  • 6. Send urgent medical and other aid to the Ogoni people.
  • 7. Prevail on the United Nations, the Organisation of African Unity and the Commonwealth of Nations to either get the Federal Government of Nigeria to obey the rules and mores of these organisations, face sanctions or be expelled from them.
  • 8. Prevail on European and American Governments to stop giving aid and credit to the Federal Government of Nigeria as aid and credit only go to encourage the further dehumanization of the Ogoni people.
  • 9. Prevail on European and American Governments to grant political refugee status to all Ogoni people seeking protection from the political persecution and genocide at the hands of the Federal Government of Nigeria.
  • 10. Prevail on Shell and Chevron to pay compensation to the Ogoni People for ruining the Ogoni environment and the health of Ogoni men, women and children.

April 9, 2006

Open Letter to Governor Peter Odili

Filed under: Letters @ 6:35 am




Sir [Dr]. Peter Odili

Executive Governor

River State,

Government House

Port Harcourt, Nigeria .

January 23, 2006

An Open Letter to Governor Peter Odili

Your Excellency Sir,

We, the National Union of Ogoni Students (NUOS) wish to draw your attention to the recent political development set forth by your administration to carry out another pogrom in Ogoniland. The gory experiences we went through, while you were the deputy Governor under the defunct administration of Rufus Ada George, are still fresh in our minds. Presently, we are aware of your covert and overt schemes to coerce Shell Oil Company on Ogoni people, a company that has been declared persona non grata in Ogoniland.

Your Excellency, you have used your administration to feed the vicious circle of bribery, corruption, and violence, which has resulted in poverty in Rivers State especially in Ogoniland. The movement for the Survival of Ogoni People (MOSOP) has incessantly been bribed under the leadership of the betrayer, Mr. Ledum Mitee, as a means to silence the genuine voice, dreams, and aspirations of the people. However, we are not surprised at your largesse in the name of either promoting MOSOP activities or developing Ogoni, but it was part of government plot to acquit Ledum Mitee in 1995 in order to bring back Shell to Ogoniland. Be informed that no amount of bribery would be traded for the lives of our patriots. Apparently, the violence that is prevalent in Ogoniland today is orchestrated by your administration in order to cow Ogoni people to accept your hidden agenda.

It is obvious that you support renegade Ogonis who prowl themselves as leaders and representatives in a bid to cajole the already traumatized and castrated Ogoni People into believing that the resumption of Shell’s operation in Ogoniland is the sine qua non for our prosperity and the much needed development. These cabals are responsible for all the mosaic problems plaguing Ogoniland today. We are disgusted that you were quick to apologize to Ogoni people for the inability of President Obasanjo to attend Ogoni Day celebration at Bori, but you lack the courage to apologize to Ogoni people for all the atrocities you have perpetuated, visible and invisible state powers against Ogoni since you were Deputy Governor to the present day. We are also aware that you have concluded arrangements with Shell and the federal government, and included representatives of the Nigerian Armed Forces in attendance to use force to subdue or crackdown on any protest or resistance. This plan will not do us any good, and will not facilitate the return of Shell either, but will escalate the already tense situation in Ogoni and lead to more bloodshed. Be reminded that we will hold you and your cronies, including your immediate and extended families, accountable for your actions no matter how long it takes.

Base on the foregoing, the National Union Of Ogoni Students residing in the United States of America resolve as follows:

1. That Ken Saro-Wiwa should be exonerated;

2. That Shell remains persona non grata in Ogoniland;

3. That we demand an Ogoni state before negotiation;

4. That the only term of reference for negotiation is Ogoni Bill of Rights;

5. That we reject the Government being an arbiter because it is part of

the conflict;

6. That the land use decree and all other Draconian laws that continue to repress the Ogoni people and Niger delta should be repealed immediately;

7. That we reject the present composition of the peace panel, because they would not represent the genuine interest of the people;

8. That we insist that an international representation compromised of the United Nations, environmental groups, and other interest groups be part of the peace talk; and

9. That you, Governor Odili, should stop insulting Ogoni people by telling them to forget the past.

The National Union of Ogoni Students will vehemently resist all attempts by you and your cronies to foist Shell on Ogoni people. We will do everything within our power, including and not limited to, legal action against you in the International Crimina Court in the Hague for your complicity in crimes against humanity (Ogoni people).

Sir, we have stated the above in good faith and sincerity, and hope that you would use your executive office to give the Ogoni people the peace they deserve. Thank you for your attention.

Sincerely yours,

Pius Barikpoa Nwinee

Chairman, Caretaker Committee

Blessing Wifa

Secretary, Caretaker Committee

Freddie Idamkue

Member, Caretaker committee

Cc: International center for transitional justice

Open society justice Initiative

Coalition for International Justice

Human Rights Watch

Earth Life

Sierra Club

Amnesty International

“We are going to demand our RIGHTS - Peacefully, Non-violently, and we shall WIN”
Ken Saro-Wiwa (1941-1995)

The True Prison - Ken Saro-Wiwa

Filed under: poems @ 6:23 am

The True Prison by Ken Saro-Wiwa

It is not the leaking roof

Nor the singing mosquitoes

In the damp, wretched cell.

It is not the clank of the key

As the warder locks you in.

It is not the measly rations

Unfit for man or beast

Nor yet the emptiness of day

Dipping into the blankness of night

It is not

It is not

It is not

It is the lies that have been drummed

Into your ears for one generation’

It is the security agent running amok

Executing callous calamitous orders

In exchange for a wretched meal a day

The magistrate writing in her book

Punishment she knows is undeserved

The moral ineptitude

Mental decreptitude

Lending dictatorship spurious legitimacy

Cowardice asked as obedience.

Lurking in our denigrated souls

It is fear damping trousers

We dare not wash off our urine

It is this

It is this

It is this

Dear friend, turns our free world

Into a dreary prison.

April 7, 2006

In solidarity with the Ogoni people

Filed under: Articles @ 12:08 pm

This story from Scotland’s Indymedia 10Nov05 (see that site for photos):

Some folks got together today in Aberdeen
to stand with the Ogoni people in remembering
Ken Saro-Wiwa and his eight Ogoni colleagues
who were executed by the Nigerian state for
campaigning against the devastation of the
Niger Delta by oil companies, especially
$hell and Chevron.

$hell was in court today, Aberdeen Sheriff Court
in perhaps the most important fatal accident
inquiry for the industry since the Piper Alpha disaster.
They have admitted that their failures
led to the deaths of two workers on one of
its platforms.
First people stood outside the court

Ted/Charles lunch notes

Filed under: setting up @ 11:49 am

Today we covered logging in, using the “site admin” features, writing pages and posts, bringing over old content and back-dating, adding new categories and we fixed up some small things, like every comment is now held for moderation and we took the author’s name off posts.

Charles will over time be bringing over the old content and will ask Anslem to help as well. We’ll add him as an administrator now.

March 30, 2006

bring over content

Filed under: setting up @ 1:03 am


That’s excellent that you posted the poem.  I added a category called “poems” and put that one in it.  You can add more categories by clicking on manage  from the admin site.  So think about what categories you want and let me know if you have any trouble adding them.
Also, we can certainly delete any of this “setting up” stuff before the site goes live, but even so, you might want to comment on admin stuff rather than on content we’re going to keep, like the song.

I’m not yet convinced about the colors and layout, but we can tweak that as we go, before we go live.

March 29, 2006

The Sin of Ignorance

Filed under: poems @ 12:42 pm

There is a ’smile’ in me

That frowns at lies told by kin-breathren

Preachers of love that know no love

Justices that seek death of the innocence

Listen to my song-

On truth was our great foundation layed

On truth, our forebears gave their lives

In deceit we live and groom our young

And deny them a lasting smile, a future

With a sigh, I watch, I write, I sing, with fist and hope

Tomorrow, I know, will come with light for all

And our sin of ignorance, overcome.

Charles Wiwa (Jan 4, 2006)

March 25, 2006

next steps

Filed under: setting up @ 3:51 pm

Okay, let’s assume the place looks alright for the time being. Now that you (Charles) are registered and changed to an administrator, you can put information here. There are two ways to do that, both accessed through the Dashboard. When you get to the dashboard, click Write. You’ll now have two option, Write Post and Write Page.

I’m using Write Post for this message. All posts are arranged here in reverse chronological order. This is a great place to post news of all kinds, like when something happens in the Shell case, or when contact information changes or something, or any kind of announcement.
Write Page is what I used for the Song. See how that’s in a section in the top-left corner? That’d be a great place for contact information (a Contact Us page), instructions on how to join the mailing list (Mailing List page), etc.

I’d suggest you play around wtih this, bringing over the most important information from the old site first, or if there’s new information that we don’t even have on the old site, then just write new stuff here.

Please let me know if you have questions.

progress on layout and style

Filed under: setting up @ 12:04 pm

I’ve found a theme (style for the page) that I think will work. I’m still working on it, so if you don’t like the colors they’ll probably still change. Feel free to comment.

One problem I’ve noticed is that links in the text don’t show up until you hold your mouse over them. I defintiely need to find a light green instead of the light orange for the text areas. How do you like these colors? I’m not convinced about the text-area green. It might be too green. Maybe if I can get it halfway between what we have and white, that’s be better. What do you think?

Okay, I fixed the link issue. They show up underlined now. I think I’m done for the day. Let me know when you’ve seen this.

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